9 thoughts on “History of HTML and Versions?

  1. Princi and Preeti says:

    1. Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web and HTML or hypertext markup language in 1989.
    2. HyperText Markup Language commonly referred to as HTML, used to create web pages.
    3. HTML is a product of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language).
    4. HTML allows images and objects to be embedded and can be used to create interactive forms.
    5. The language is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (like ).
    6. Browsers do not display the HTML tags and scripts, but use them to interpret the content of the page.

    Version (Year)
    HTML 1.0 1991
    HTML 2.0 1995
    HTML 3.2 1997
    HTML 4.01 1999
    XHTML 2000
    HTML5 2014

  2. shivangi and alisha says:

    HISTORY OF HTML:-

    Hyper Text Markup Language, commonly referred to as HTML, is the standard markup language used to create web pages
    1. . Along with CSS, and JavaScript, HTML is a cornerstone technology, used by most websites to create visually engaging web In 1989, Berners-Lee wrote a memo proposing an Internet-based hypertext system.[3] Berners-Lee specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in late 1999.
    2. In 1980, physicist Tim Berners-Lee, then a contractor at CERN, proposed and prototyped ENQUIRE, a system for CERN researchers to use and share documents.
    3. In 1989, Berners-Lee wrote a memo proposing an Internet-based hypertext system.[3] Berners-Lee specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in late 1990.
    4. The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called “HTML Tags”, first mentioned on the Internet by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991.[
    5. The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called “HTML Tags”, first mentioned on the Internet by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991.[
    6. Berners-Lee considered HTML to be an application of SGML. It was formally defined as such by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) with the mid-1993 publication of the first proposal for an HTML specification:
    7. After the HTML and HTML+ drafts expired in early 1994, the IETF created an HTML Working Group, which in 1995 completed “HTML 2.0”, the first HTML specification intended to be treated as a standard against which future implementations should be based.

    Versions of HTML
    HTML 1.0 (1989 -1994)
    The first version of HTML that supported inline images and text controls. HTML 1.0 was very limited in terms of styling and presentation of content. In HTML 1.0
    HTML 2.0 (1995)
    This specification supported more browsers. HTML 2.0 was considerably improved to support: It also supported:
    HTML 3.20 (1997)
    This version included support for creating tables and expanded options for form elements. This version also allowed web pages to include complex mathematical equations.
    HTML 4.01 (1999)
    This version added support for style sheets and scripting ability for multimedia elements. HTML 4.01 focused on separating presentation styling information from the actual content by the use of style sheets as HTML 3.20 resulted in difficult maintenance because presentation styling information was included directly in the webpage. In HTML 4.0 with the use of style sheets,

  3. Sanu and nidhika says:

    1. HTML is Hyper Text Markup Language is the official language of the World Wide Web and was first conceived in 1990.
    2. HTML is a product of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) which is a complex, technical specification describing markup languages.
    3. In 1995, Netscape which now plays a distant second to the King Kong of browsers, Internet Explorer was the dominant browser on the market.
    4. Netscape was the first browser to support Java script, animated gifs and HTML frames.
    5. Then browser makers also began inventing proprietary HTML elements that only worked with their browsers. Some examples of these are the ….
    Various version of HTML
    1. HTML 2.0 in September 1995
    2. HTML 3.2 in January 1997
    3. HTML 4.0 in December 1997
    4. HTML 4.01 in December 1999
    5. HTML 5 draft version in January 2008

  4. Ashish & Manish says:

    History of HTML
    ————————
    • In 1980, physicist Tim Berners-Lee, then a contractor at CERN, proposed and prototyped ENQUIRE, a system for CERN researchers to use and share documents.

    • In 1989, Berners-Lee wrote a memo proposing an Internet-based hypertext system. Berners-Lee specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in late 1990.

    • The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called “HTML Tags”, first mentioned on the Internet by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991. It describes 18 elements comprising the initial, relatively simple design of HTML except for the hyperlink tag.

    • Berners-Lee considered HTML to be an application of SGML.

    • After the HTML and HTML+ drafts expired in early 1994, the IETF created an HTML Working Group, which in 1995 completed “HTML 2.0”, the first HTML specification intended to be treated as a standard against which future implementations should be based.

    • Further development under the auspices of the IETF was stalled by competing interests.

    • Since 1996, the HTML specifications have been maintained, with input from commercial software vendors, by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

    • However, in 2000, HTML also became an international standard (ISO/IEC 15445:2000). HTML 4.01 was published in late 1999, with further errata published through 2001.

    • In 2004 development began on HTML5 in the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG), which became a joint deliverable with the W3C in 2008, and completed and standardized on 28 October 2014.

    * Timeline of Different HTML Versions :-

    Version No. Date Introduced on:
    • HTML (SGML) 1991
    • HTML 2.0 November 24, 1995
    • HTML 3.2 January 14, 1997
    • HTML 4.0 December 18, 1997
    • HTML 4.01 December 24, 1999
    • HTML 5 January 2008

  5. Vaneet chauhan and Ankush Guleria says:

    History Of HTML:-
    1. It is developed by physicist Tim Berners-Lee in 1980.
    2. Tim Berners-Lee wrote a memo proposing an Internet-based hypertext system in 1989.
    3. Berners-Lee specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in late 1990.
    4. Berners-Lee and CERN data systems engineer Robert Cailliau collaborated on a joint request for funding, but the project was not formally adopted by CERN in that year.
    5. 1990 he listed some of the many areas in which hypertext is used” and put an encyclopedia first.
    6. The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called “HTML Tags”, first mentioned on the Internet by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991.
    7. It describes 18 elements comprising the initial, relatively simple design of HTML.
    8. Except for the hyperlink tag, these were strongly influenced by SGML guid an in-house Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)-based documentation format at CERN.
    9. In 1993 publication of the first proposal for an HTML speci- fication. “Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)” Internet-Draft by Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly, which included an SGML Document Type Definition to define the grammar.
    10. The NCSA Mosaic browser’s custom tag for embedding in-line images, reflecting the IETF’s philosophy of basing standards on successful prototypes.
    11. Similarly, Dave Raggett competing Internet-Draft, “HTML+ (Hypertext Markup Format)”, from late 1993, suggested standardizing already-implemented features like tables and fill-out forms.
    12. After the HTML and HTML+ drafts expired in early 1994, the IETF created an HTML Working Group, which in 1995 completed “HTML 2.0”, the first HTML specification intended to be treated as a standard against which future implementations should be based.

    HTML versions timeline
    November 24, 1995
    HTML 2.0 was published as IETF RFC 1866. Supplemental RFCs added capabilities:
    • November 25, 1995: RFC 1867(form-based file upload)
    • May 1996: RFC 1942(tables)
    • August 1996: RFC 1980(client-side image maps)
    • January 1997: RFC 2070(internationalization)
    January 14, 1997
    HTML 3.2 was published as a W3C Recommendation. It was the first version developed and standardized exclusively by the W3C, as the IETF had closed its HTML Working Group in September 12, 1996.
    Initially code-named “Wilbur”, HTML 3.2 dropped math formulas entirely, reconciled overlap among various proprietary extensions and adopted most of Netscape’s visual markup tags. Netscape’s blink element and Microsoft’s marquee element were omitted due to a mutual agreement between the two companies. A markup for mathematical formulas similar to that in HTML was not standardized until 14 months later in MathML.
    December 18, 1997
    HTML 4.0 was published as a W3C Recommendation. It offers three variations:
    • Strict, in which deprecated elements are forbidden,
    • Transitional, in which deprecated elements are allowed,
    • Frameset, in which mostly only frame related elements are allowed.
    Initially code-named “Cougar”, HTML 4.0 adopted many browser-specific element types and attributes, but at the same time sought to phase out Netscape’s visual markup features by marking them as deprecated in favor of style sheets. HTML 4 is an SGML application conforming to ISO 8879 – SGML.
    April 24, 1998
    HTML 4.0 was reissued with minor edits without incrementing the version number.
    December 24, 1999
    HTML 4.01 was published as a W3C Recommendation. It offers the same three variations as HTML 4.0 and its last errata were published May 12, 2001.
    May 2000
    ISO/IEC 15445:2000 (“ISO HTML”, based on HTML 4.01 Strict) was published as an ISO/IEC international standard. In the ISO this standard falls in the domain of the ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34 (ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 34 – Document description and processing languages).
    As of mid-2008, HTML 4.01 and ISO/IEC 15445:2000 were the most recent versions of HTML. Development of the parallel, XML-based language XHTML occupied the W3C’s HTML Working Group through the early and mid-2000s.
    October 28, 2014
    HTML5 was published as a W3C Recommendation.

  6. Rajesh khatta and Rajat says:

    -:HISTORY OF HTML:-
    1.HTML — HyperText Markup Language.
    2.In 1980,html was developed by Tim Berners-Lee.
    3.It is the official language of the World Wide Web and was first conceived in 1990.
    4.HTML is a product of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) which is a complex, technical specification describing markup languages, especially those used in electronic document exchange, document management, and document publishing.
    5. HTML is a markup language that web browsers use to interpret and compose text, images and other material into visual or audible web pages
    6. Berners-Lee considered HTML to be an application of SGML. It was formally defined as such by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) with the mid-1993 publication of the first proposal for an HTML specification:
    7. After the HTML and HTML+ drafts expired in early 1994, the IETF created an HTML Working Group, which in 1995 completed “HTML 2.0”, the first HTML specification intended to be treated as a standard against which future implementations should be based.
    –:Html various versions:–
    1. November 24, 1995
    HTML 2.0 was published as IETF RFC 1866. Supplemental RFCs added capabilities:
    • November 25, 1995: RFC 1867 (form-based file upload)
    • May 1996: RFC 1942 (tables)
    • August 1996: RFC 1980 (client-side image maps)
    • January 1997: RFC 2070 (internationalization)

    2.January 14, 1997
    HTML 3.2[15] was published as a W3C Recommendation. It was the first version developed and standardized exclusively by the W3C, as the IETF had closed its HTML Working Group in September 12, 1996.[16]
    Initially code-named “Wilbur”,[17] HTML 3.2 dropped math formulas entirely, reconciled overlap among various proprietary extensions and adopted most of Netscape’s visual markup tags. Netscape’s blink element and Microsoft’s marquee element were omitted due to a mutual agreement between the two companies.[13] A markup for mathematical formulas similar to that in HTML was not standardized until 14 months later in MathML.

    3.December 18, 1997
    HTML 4.0[18] was published as a W3C Recommendation . It offers three variations:
    • Strict, in which deprecated elements are forbidden,
    • Transitional, in which deprecated elements are allowed,
    • Frameset, in which mostly only frame related elements are allowed.
    Initially code-named “Cougar”,[17] HTML 4.0 adopted many browser-specific element types and attributes, but at the same time sought to phase out Netscape’s visual markup features by marking them as deprecated in favor of style sheets. HTML 4 is an SGML application conforming to ISO 8879 – SGML.[19]

    4.April 24, 1998
    HTML 4.0[20] was reissued with minor edits without incrementing the version number.

    5.December 24, 1999
    HTML 4.01[21] was published as a W3C Recommendation. It offers the same three variations as HTML 4.0 and its last errata were published May 12, 2001.

    6.May 2000
    ISO/IEC 15445:2000[22][23] (“ISO HTML”, based on HTML 4.01 Strict) was published as an ISO/IEC international standard. In the ISO this standard falls in the domain of theISO/IEC JTC1/SC34 (ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 34 – Document description and processing languages).[22]
    As of mid-2008, HTML 4.01 and ISO/IEC 15445:2000 were the most recent versions of HTML. Development of the parallel, XML-based language XHTML occupied the W3C’s HTML Working Group through the early and mid-2000s.

    7.October 28, 2014
    HTML5[24] was published as a W3C Recommendation.[25]

  7. Anu and nitika says:

    HISTORY
    1. HTML is an involing language.
    2. A markup language combins text as well as codes instructions how to format to text and the term markup originates from the traditional practice of “marking-up”.
    3. HTML is the offical language of the world wide web and was first concieved in 1990.
    4. HTML is the product of SGML(STANDARD GENERALIZED MARKUP LANGUAGE).
    5. Which is the complex, technical specification describing markup language.
    6. HTML was originally created to allow those where not specialized in SGML to publish and exchange and technical document.
    7. The avility to link document electronically using HYPERLINKS.
    8. Thus the name hypertext is markup language.
    9. HTML began to proliferate and quackly spilled over into the mainstream.

    Different VersionS of HTML
    HTML 1.0 :-
    1. HTML was the first relise of HTML to the world.
    2. Many people involved in website creations at the time.
    3. The language was very limiting.
    4. It bar getting some people text onto the web.
    HTML 2.0:-
    1. HTML 2.0 is included eveything original 1.0 specifications.
    2. Added a few new features to the mix.
    3. HTML was the stanrded for the website design until Jan 1997.
    4. Defined many core HTML feautres of the first time.
    HTML 3.0:-
    1. A company called netscape was the clear leader on the browser market.
    2. These new abillities were called netscape extension tags.
    3. HTML 3.0 spec was abandoned.
    4. Which makes is easier on the browser companies.
    HTML 4.0:-
    1. HTML 4.0 was a large evolutiuon of the HTML stardard.
    2. Early in the developement it had the code name COUGAR.
    3. HTMl 4.0 was recommended by the W3C in dec 1997.

  8. suryansh and vinod says:

    The History of HTML
    HyperText Markup Language, commonly referred to as HTML, is the standard markup language used to createweb pages
    In 1980, physicist Tim Berners-Lee, then a contractor at CERN, proposed and prototyped ENQUIRE, a system for CERN researchers to use and share documents.
    The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called “HTML Tags”, first mentioned on the Internet by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991. It describes 18 elements comprising the initial, relatively simple design of HTML. Eleven of these elements still exist in HTML. HTML is a markup language that web browsers use to interpret and compose text, images and other material into visual or audible web pages. Default characteristics for every item of HTML markup are defined in the browser, and these characteristics can be altered or enhanced by the web page designer’s additional use of CSS. HTML has been progressively moved in this direction with CSS.
    Berners-Lee considered HTML to be an application of SGML.
    After the HTML and HTML+ drafts expired in early 1994, the IETF created an HTML Working Group, which in 1995 completed “HTML 2.0”, the first HTML specification intended to be treated as a standard against which future implementations should be based.
    Early HTML Markup
    So, what was early HTML actually like? The following is the code used in the oldest HTML document referenced above:-
    Hypertext Links
    Links and Anchors
    A link is the connection between one piece of
    and another.

  9. MUNISH CHOUHAN AND ROHIT KHATTA says:

    History of HTML

    HTML is the stands for Hypertext markup language. HTML used to create web pages. Along with CSS, and JavaScript, HTML is a cornerstone technology, used by most websites to create visually engaging webpages, user interfaces for web applications, and user interfaces for many mobile applications.
    Developer Tim Berners-Lee:-
    In 1980, physicist Tim Berners-Lee, then a contractor at CERN, proposed and prototyped ENQUIRE, a system for CERN researchers to use and share documents. In 1989, Berners-Lee wrote a memo proposing an Internet-based hypertext system.Berners-Lee specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in late 1990.
    VERSION OF HTML:-
    Version (Year)
    HTML 1.0 1991
    HTML 2.0 1995
    HTML 3.2 1997
    HTML 4.01 1999
    XHTML 2000
    HTML5 2014

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